Introduction Republic of Guatemala | Guatemala Facts
Guatemala Facts: Republic of Guatemala is a Central American democratic country. The masterdom of its native culture in its internal upper areas separates Guatemala from the neighbours of Central America. The source of the name Guatemala is Indian culture, but its meaning and etymology are uncertain. Most of the people believe that the real form of the ‘Guatemala’ is ‘Quauhtemallan’ (a sign of Aztec instead of a Mayan core), which means “place of the plants” and others believe that it is germinated from the ‘Guhatezmalha’ which means “the mountain of producing aqua”. No doubt, there are many such kind of volcanic mountains. When, these mountains produce the eruption that is called producing the aqua by a mountain. A volcanic eruption is destroyed the prior stable Spanish capital of the Regional Captain General, Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala. The contemporary capital of the country is Guatemala City, which is prime metropolitan center. Quetzaltenango is the center for native Indian population in the Western Highlands.
After achieving freedom from the Spain in the 1820s, there was a lengthy history of governance in the Guatemala, until the government was ruled under the rule of military rule and authoritarian rule in 1985 not under democratic rule. In the starting of 1954, the governments of Guatemala were facing unrest, 36 years of civil war, until the peace agreement was signed in 1996. The entire struggle of the Guatemalan Indians was highlighted throughout the civil war years. A native lawyer for Maya inhabitants, Quiché Maya, and Rigoberta Menchú were rewarded with the Nobel Prize (1992) for struggling for Peace in Guatemala.
Capital | Guatemala Facts
‘Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción’ is the capital and biggest city of Guatemala; it is also called Guatemala City.
National Flag | Guatemala Facts
The national flag of Guatemala country is often mentioned as ‘Pabellón Nacional’ (same as the ‘National Flag’) or ‘Azuliblanco’ (the features of two colours ‘Sky blue and White’). The two stripes of sky blue colour reflect the reality that the Guatemala is ground between two oceans, the Atlantic Ocean (also called as Caribbean Sea) and the Pacific Ocean. White colour symbolizes the purity and peace. The flag style of Guatemala and many other countries, respective to the region is rooted the Federal Republic of Central America’s flag.
The flag contains the Guatemalan coat of arms in the center. Coat of arms contains the magnificent Quetzal, which is the Guatemalan national bird and reflects the freedom; a scrolled parchment, carrying the date of freedom from the Spain, “15 September 1821”. Two crossed rifles, pointing the consent of Guatemala, to protect itself through power if required; a crown of bay laurel is the sign of victory; and two crossed swords reflect the respect. Guatemalan is one of only two countries of United States, which shows the firearm on their flag, another is the Mozambique. The flag of Guatemala reflects a ground located between the two oceans the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
Language | Guatemala Facts
Although, Most of the official dealings and work in Guatemala are conducting in Spanish language, various documents are respective the peace agreement of December 1996, which are responsible for ending the civil war of more than three decades in Guatemala. All the documents of peace agreement are translated into most of the Mayan languages. The Mam is the largest cluster of Mayans in the Guatemala. Most of the Mayans are lived in the western area of the Guatemala and divided in the many small groups. The K’iche, clutches the territory in the west and the north of Lake Atitlan. The Kaqchikel enlarges their area from the Guatemala City to the eastern shores of Lake Atitlan the Q’eqchi’ are gathered in the west of the Lake Izabal and north to the Sierras. Although. Various Maya people are multilingual with Spanish and Mayan language. There has been a powerful commitment since the late 20th century to claim the ethnic recognition of Maya and to encourage the many Maya languages for both the literature and the daily use.
Land and Borders | Guatemala Facts
Guatemala is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the south, by the El Salvador in the south east, by the Honduras in the East, by the Gulf of Honduras (along with a lower coastline) and Belize in the north east, and by the Mexico in the west and north.
Religions | Guatemala Facts
Most of the Guatemalan people follow the Roman Catholic Christianity but often the beliefs of the pre Colombian origin become too dark between the Maya people. However, there has been great increase in the conversion into the Evangelical Protestantism (which provides the strong incentives for self reformation) from the middle of the 20th century, particularly among the poor people. Protestant counts for about 25tth percent of the inhabitants and the highest proportion in the Latin America. Black Christ of Esquipulas(1595) is the most crucial pilgrim of the Roman Catholic in the Central America. Black Christ of Esquipulas is vested in the eastern Guatemala that is constructed by the Quirio Cataño of Antigua Guatemala.
Ethnic Group | Guatemala Facts
The population of Guatemala is divided (according to the culture) into two ethnic clusters, which are Maya and Ladinos. They build up the massive majority of native inhabitants in the Guatemala, who belongs from various cultures. The Ladinos also includes the Mestizos. The Mestizos are mixed of Maya and Hispanic origin and builds up between 1/2 and 3/5 of the entire inhabitants where as the Maya inhabitants counts about some 2/5 of the entire country’s inhabitants. The very less people speaking Spanish are called Xinka. The Xinka are inhabitants living in the Garífuna and southern Guatemala. These people are mixed of Caribbean and African descent and in farmer times called as Black Caribs in the Puerto Barrios and the east northern seaport towns of Livingston. Their forefathers emigrated from Caribbean islands into the Central American coast in the 18th century. Ladinos are more politically influential and more commercially group. They exclusively speak Spanish and build up most of the urban inhabitants.
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Climate | Guatemala Facts
Guatemala has multiformity in the climates due to locate within the sea level (which is more than 13,000 feet) with the elevations ranging and the tropics. The average yearly temperature above 9000 feet in the elevation becomes very low but marginal for the harvest. Between 9000 feet to 6000 feet temperature limit becomes 10 °C to 16 °C. Between 5000 feet to 3000 feet temperature limit becomes 16 °C to 21 °C. Below 3,000 feet in elevation, average monthly temperatures range between 21 °C and 27 °C throughout the year.
The Motagua River prevails in lower-arid conditions in the middle portion of the valley, while more than 150 inches of rain is on the slopes of the Pacific zone’s volcano wave and on the slopes towards east and north of the Sierra. Generally, dry weather occurs between Novembers to April. However, the winds watered by moisture from the Caribbean produce rainfall on the north and eastern and pre-vocal slopes throughout the year. An average of 40 inches to 80 inches of rain is recorded in eastern and southern Guatemala. But, it has recorded two times more rain in zone near to the Caribbean Shoreline.
Guatemala often faces over floods in the due to grievous tropical storms and rainfall, especially throughout the September and October. Along with these storms, strong winds, as well as cold winds of winter attacks, are sometimes destroyed the crops. One of the most dangerous cyclones of tropics in the Atlantic Ocean, which was strucked brutally in October 1998 with the near Nicaragua and Honduras, caused a widespread damage in the displacement of nearly 100,000 people in Guatemala.
Plants and Animal Life | Guatemala Facts
Petén has an intensive rain forest and lots of portion with grass lands. There are forests in the Sierra with Pine and Oak trees. In Volcanic highlands, the consumption of fir, Oak and pine fir, and oak, except for the highest slopes, has been destroyed on large scale. Pacific coastal contains large landscape, plain fields of savanna and tropical forests.
There are lots of varieties of animal life live in the lower area of forest although, many species are very rare such as jaguars, ocelots, tapirs, peccaries, monkeys, and deer etc. There are many kinds of reptiles such as iguanas, crocodiles and various species of snakes. The birds life are mostly exuberant in the rain forest, in which the national bird Quetzals (Pharomachrus) are involved diplomatically, for which a reserve area is kept in the Sierras near to Cobán.
Drainage | Guatemala Facts
The River Motagua flows in the east and a Cuilco flow in the west, both rivers passes each other in the opposite directions through a designed trough. That creates a boundary between the mid portion of the Sierra and volcanic area of the southern Guatemala. The region of Sierra is overflowed by the water of major rivers, which flows basically from the Gulf of Mexico in the north through route of the River Usumacinta. River Motagua is the longest the 250-mile with series of rivers flowing from Caribbean to eastward. Various minor rivers drain into the Ocean Pacific. Most of the Petén area is overflowed through the subsurface drift of water.
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Soils | Guatemala Facts
There is the most productive land in the volcanic zone in the southern Guatemala. However, most of the northern division of this zone is mostly subject to scission, which is induced by the dispersion of the deforestation and steep slopes. The sierra zone has heavier rainfall and complex with the cultivation on the thinner soils from centuries on the steep slopes. The frantic slaughtering of the forests has led to prevalent erosion in the Sierra. There are difficulties to farm due to the limestone base of the Petén, which generates the stony soils and shallow place.